Jersey knit fabric is a lightweight, stretchy, and versatile material that has become increasingly popular in the world of fashion. It’s often used in clothing such as t-shirts, sweaters, dresses, skirts, and more. Jersey fabric is also great for making accessories like scarves and headbands. In this guide, we’ll explore the different types of jersey fabric, where it comes from, how to sew and care for it, and more. Read on to learn everything you need to know about jersey knit fabrics!
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The History of Jersey Knit Fabric
Jersey knit fabric has been around since the early 19th century. Originally used for garments for fishermen, the fabric was inspired by the traditional sweaters worn by fisherman in Jersey, a British island off the coast of France. The design wasn’t particularly popular at first, but as production methods improved the fabric slowly gained popularity and eventually made its way into mainstream fashion.
Today’s Jersey Knit Fabric
Modern jersey knit fabrics are produced from a variety of fibers, including cotton, polyester, rayon, and bamboo. They range from lightweight knits like t-shirt fabric to heavier weight interlock. Most of these fabrics are made with single knit construction, which means that the fabric is knit in one direction to create a flat face on one side and a looped back on the other. This allows for better drape and stretch. Higher quality jersey fabrics are usually made with double knit construction, which is more durable and has a smoother finish.
How is it made?
Jersey knit fabric is made using a knitting machine. The machine takes in the yarn, forms it into loops, and then stitches them together. This creates an elastic material that can stretch in both directions and still retain its shape after wear. To produce different types of jersey fabrics, manufacturers use different types of yarns and machines. For example, to create a lightweight and breathable fabric, manufacturers may use finer yarns and lighter machines.
Characteristics of Jersey Knit Fabric
Jersey knit fabric is known for its lightweight, stretchy qualities. It’s soft and smooth to the touch and has a very comfortable drape, making it great for a variety of clothing styles. Jersey fabrics are also highly breathable, absorbent, and easy to care for.
Sewing with Jersey Knit Fabric
Due to its stretchy nature, jersey knit fabrics can be tricky to sew. To ensure success, it’s important to use the right type of needle and thread. For best results, use a ballpoint or stretch needle and polyester thread. These will help prevent skipped stitches and puckering caused by the fabric’s elasticity. Also, be sure to use a walking foot with your machine if you plan on sewing multiple layers of fabric at once.
Uses of Jersey Knit Fabric
Jersey knit fabric is incredibly versatile and can be used for a variety of projects. It’s an ideal choice for making t-shirts, dresses, skirts, leggings, pajamas, and more. Some crafters also use the material to make bags, quilts, and other home goods. Since the fabric has a tendency to stretch, it’s also a great choice for making fitted garments and accessories.
Major Producers of Jersey Knit Fabric
The majority of jersey knit fabrics are produced in Asia, particularly China and India. However, there are also many companies that produce the fabric in Europe and the United States. Some popular brands include Hanes, Fruit of the Loom, and American Apparel.
Types of Jersey Knit Fabrics
There are several different types of jersey knit fabrics available on the market. Some of the most common varieties include:
1. Single Jersey:
A lightweight and breathable fabric with a single-knit construction. It’s often used to make t-shirts, tank tops, and other casual garments.
A heavier weight knit fabric with a double-knit construction. It’s used for making thicker garments like sweatshirts, hoodies, and pajamas.
3. Rib Knit:
A super stretchy knit fabric with a ribbed texture. It’s often used to make cuffs, collars, waistbands, and other accents.
4. Slub Jersey:
A textured fabric with an uneven finish. It’s often used to make stylish garments like dresses, skirts, and tops.
5. Jacquard Jersey:
A decorative fabric with an intricate design. It’s used for making patterns and designs on garments.
6. Clocqué jersey:
A shiny and thick fabric that is often used for making sports jerseys.
Cost of Jersey Knit Fabric
|Type Of Fabric||Cost|
|Single jersey fabrics||Range from $2 to $6 per yard|
|Interlock fabrics||Range from $3 to $7 per yard|
|Rib knits, Jacquard jerseys, and Clocqué jerseys||Range from $10 to $20 per yard|
The cost of jersey knit fabric depends on the type and quality. Generally, the thicker and more durable fabrics are more expensive than thinner and lighter options. Single jersey fabrics usually range in price from $2-6 per yard while interlock fabrics range from $3-7 per yard. Rib knits, jacquard jerseys, and clocqué jerseys are usually the most expensive, with prices ranging from $10-20 per yard.
Care for Jersey Knit Fabric
Because of its stretchy nature, jersey knit fabrics should be handled carefully when washing and drying. To ensure that the fabric retains its shape, it’s best to wash items in cold water and hang to dry. Avoid using fabric softeners, as they can break down the fibers over time. If you must use a dryer, be sure to use the lowest setting possible. Ironing a Jersey Knit Clothing is not necessary unless you are trying to remove wrinkles.
Unraveling the Environmental Effects of Jersey Fabrics
Jersey knit fabrics are most commonly made from synthetic fibers such as polyester, nylon, and spandex. These materials are not biodegradable and can take hundreds of years to break down in a landfill. In addition, the manufacturing process typically involves the use of toxic chemicals that can pollute waterways and harm wildlife. To reduce the environmental impact of your jersey knit projects, choose fabrics made from organic and sustainable fibers such as cotton or hemp.
Now that you know what jersey knit fabric is and how it’s made, you can make informed decisions when selecting fabrics for your next project. From single jersey to clocqué jersey, there are many different types of jersey fabrics available on the market
FAQs on Jersey Knit Fabric
1. What is the difference between single jersey and interlock fabrics?
Single jersey is a lightweight fabric with a single-knit construction, while interlock is a heavier knit fabric with a double-knit construction.
2. How much does jersey knit fabric cost?
The cost of jersey knit fabric varies depending on the type and quality. Single jersey fabrics usually range in price from $2-6 per yard, while interlock fabrics range from $3-7 per yard.
3. How should I care for jersey knit fabric?
A: To ensure that the fabric retains its shape, it’s best to wash items in cold water and hang to dry. Avoid using fabric softeners, as they can break down the fibers over time. If you must use a dryer, be sure to use the lowest setting possible. Ironing is not necessary unless you are trying to remove wrinkles.
4. What garments are commonly made out of jersey knit fabric?
A: Jersey knit fabrics are commonly used to make t-shirts, tank tops, sweatshirts, hoodies, pajamas, dresses, skirts, and tops. They’re also often used for making cuffs, collars, waistbands, and other accents.
Also See: Different Types of Fabric and Their Uses