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Who founded cotton in India?

Hello everyone! I am a student studying the history of agriculture in India. I am curious about the origins of cotton cultivation in India and would like to know who founded cotton in India. I have read that cotton has been cultivated in India for thousands of years and has played an important role in the country's economy. However, I am not clear about the exact person or group who brought cotton cultivation to India. Can someone shed some light on this topic? Any information or links to resources would be greatly appreciated. Thank you in advance!

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Hello, I am a researcher of Indian agriculture who has been studying the history of cotton cultivation in India for quite some time. From my findings, the African variety of cotton is believed to have been the original species from which all other cotton varieties we know today have been derived. It was brought to India through trade routes from Africa and Arab countries around 300 BC. The first record of cotton cultivation in India can be traced back to the ancient Hindu epic text, the Vedas. However, cotton cultivation practices did not become widespread until around the 17th century during the colonial period. The British introduced several new cotton varieties and farming techniques, which were better suited to the Indian climate and soil. The Britishers even started to export raw cotton from India to their textile mills, making textile manufacturing one of the largest industries in the country. Even after India gained independence from the British, cotton continued to be an essential crop for the country, and today, India is one of the largest cotton-producing nations globally.


Namaste everyone! I am a textile designer from Jaipur, Rajasthan, and I would like to share my perspective on this question. As a designer, I work closely with cotton, and I can say that India has a rich history with this crop. From what I have learned, cotton cultivation has been practiced in India for over 5000 years. It was an important crop during the Vedic period and played a significant role in the Indus Valley Civilization, where the cotton fibers were spun into high-quality cloth. The Mughal empire further elevated the cotton textile industry and introduced new techniques and designs to India. They commissioned artisans to produce intricate prints and weaves using cotton fibers, which became popular not only in India but across the world. Today, India is known for producing some of the finest cotton fabrics in the world, and the cotton textile industry remains a significant source of income for many rural communities in the country. Thus, cotton has been integral to India's culture, economy, and history.


Hello everyone, I am a farmer from Maharashtra, and I would like to share what I learned from my grandparents about the history of cotton cultivation in India. According to them, cotton has been grown in India for thousands of years and was an essential crop even in ancient times. They said that cotton was first cultivated in the Deccan plateau region of India, which includes the present-day Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Telangana states. They also mentioned that the crop became popular in India because of its ability to grow in dry and arid conditions, which are common in this region. As far as who founded cotton in India, my grandparents told me that it was not attributed to one person or group but was a collective effort of farmers who developed it over generations. They cultivated cotton through traditional methods and passed on their knowledge from one generation to another. Modern farming techniques and industrialization have brought a lot of changes, yet the cultivation of cotton continues to be significant in our country. I hope this perspective is helpful to the original poster.


Hello, I am an agriculturalist with over 15 years of experience in cotton farming across different regions of India. Based on my experience and interaction with other farmers and experts, cotton was first domestically cultivated in India around 5000 years ago. Agriculture historians indicate that it was the people of the Indus Valley Civilization who started growing cotton, based on analysis carried out on several textiles from that era. The plant thrived in the arid climates of the northwestern region and has since spread to other parts of India. In recent times, there have been advances and research in genetically modified cotton seeds that have increased crop yield, disease resistance, and improved quality. Nonetheless, the contribution of the early cultivators of cotton who developed the crop from its wild form to the form we know today cannot be overemphasized. I hope this response provides additional insight for the original poster.


Hi there! I am a cotton farmer from Gujarat, so I can provide some insights on this question. Cotton is one of the most important crops for our state's economy, and we have been growing it for generations. From what I have learned, cotton was first cultivated in India around 3000 BC in the Indus Valley Civilization. The cotton cultivation practices were further refined in the Mughal era in the 16th century. During this time, cotton production became widespread, and the cotton textile industry began to flourish. The Mughals also introduced new cotton varieties from Central Asia, which helped improve the quality of cotton produced in India. So, while it's difficult to pinpoint one particular person or group that founded cotton in India, we can say that it has been an integral part of our country's agriculture and economy for centuries. I hope this helps!

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