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Q:

What are the popular varieties of cotton in India?

Hey guys, I am new to the world of cotton production and I have been doing my research on the popular varieties of cotton in India. I am planning to invest in this sector and I want to know the most commonly cultivated and profitable varieties of cotton in India. Any information regarding their yield, pest resistance and fiber quality would be of great help to me. Thanks in advance!

All Replies

schuyler23

Hello everyone! I have been involved in cotton production for many years in India and I can share some insights about the popular varieties of cotton. From my experience, two varieties that have gained popularity in recent years are BT cotton and Shankar-6 cotton.

BT cotton is a genetically modified variety that has been engineered to produce a toxin that is toxic to bollworm pests. This variety has shown to significantly reduce the use of chemical pesticides while providing good fiber quality and yield. However, some concerns have been raised regarding the development of resistance to the toxin in pests.

Shankar-6 cotton, on the other hand, is a non-GMO variety that is known for its good fiber quality and yield. It is resistant to various pests and diseases, making it a popular choice for farmers. The fibers produced by Shankar-6 cotton are ideal for textile production as they are long and durable.

In summary, while Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium arboreum remain popular choices in cotton farming, BT cotton and Shankar-6 cotton are two other varieties gaining traction in recent years due to their unique advantages. As with any crop, it's always important to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each variety before making a decision.

chaz.davis

Hey there, as someone who has been involved in cotton farming for many years, I'd like to throw my two cents in on this topic. One variety that I've had a lot of success with is Jayadhar cotton.

Jayadhar cotton is a hybrid variety that was developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) and is widely cultivated in the North Indian states. It has a high yield potential due to its resistance to pests and diseases, especially against jassids and whiteflies. Additionally, this variety has a long staple fiber which makes it a good option for high-quality textiles.

Another variety that I'll mention is Bunny cotton. Bunny cotton is a dwarf variety of cotton that has a high yield with less stem and more boll production. It is resistant to pests like American bollworm and bacterial blight, making it a sturdy and resilient option for growers, especially in areas that are prone to such diseases. However, the fiber quality of Bunny cotton is not as high as other varieties like Gossypium hirsutum and corresponding prices in the market may be slightly lower.

In conclusion, there are many varieties of cotton that one can grow in India. Choosing the right variety depends on various factors like local soil conditions, climate, market demand, and individual farm requirements. So, farmers need to do thorough research and experiments with different types of cotton to find the best-suited option.

freda06

Hi there, I have a bit of a different perspective on this question as I have only recently started growing cotton on a small scale. I have been researching different varieties of cotton and the ones that have caught my attention are Suvin cotton and MCU-5 cotton.

Suvin cotton is a hybrid variety developed by crossing two different species of cotton. It is known for its high-quality, long and lustrous fibers that are ideal for fine clothing and luxury textiles. Suvin cotton is grown mainly in southern India, particularly in Tamil Nadu and has a high demand in both domestic and international markets.

MCU-5 cotton is a variety that was developed by the Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR) in India. It is known for its resilience against pests and diseases and its tolerance to drought conditions. MCU-5 cotton is cultivated mostly in Central India and has good fiber strength and length.

Both Suvin and MCU-5 cotton are relatively new varieties and not as widely grown as the others mentioned in this thread, but they have some unique advantages. Suvin cotton is ideal for the production of high-end textiles, and MCU-5 cotton has a high tolerance for unfavorable weather conditions.

carroll.zachariah

Glad to be a part of this discussion! As a cotton farmer in the southern region of India, I would like to share my experience with the widely grown NCS-145 and Bunny-Mech hybrids.

NCS-145 cotton is a hybrid variety that is known for its high yield and excellent fiber quality. Developed by the National Cotton Breeding Programme at Coimbatore, this variety is highly resistant to pests and diseases, especially whitefly, jassids, and spotted bollworm. Its long and uniform fiber length makes it an ideal choice for the textile industry.

Bunny-Mech is a mechanically harvested cotton variety that is dwarf-sized and is highly resistant to pests like American bollworm and leafhopper. Due to its excellent boll opening characteristics, it can be harvested using mechanical harvesters, thus minimizing labor requirement, and making it an attractive option for growers.

As with any crop, selecting the right variety of cotton depends on the region, soil type, and climate. That being said, NCS-145 and Bunny-Mech are two promising cotton varieties that have proven to be successful in different regions of India.

cole.colten

Hi there! So, based on my personal experience in cotton farming, I can tell you that the most popular varieties of cotton in India are the Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium arboreum. They are widely cultivated due to their high yield, good fiber quality and resistance to pests and diseases.

Gossypium hirsutum, commonly known as American cotton, is a long staple cotton that produces high-quality fibers ideal for textile production. It is resistant to some common pests like bollworm, but susceptible to other pests like jassid and whitefly.

On the other hand, Gossypium arboreum or tree cotton, is a short staple cotton grown extensively in North India. It is resistant to jassid and other sucking pests, but vulnerable to bollworms and other boll-feeding insects. The fiber quality is not as good as American cotton, but it is more heat and drought tolerant.

Both varieties have their advantages and disadvantages, but they are the most popular choices for cotton farmers in India. I hope this helps!

kacie78

Hey everyone, as someone who has been working in the cotton industry for several years now, I can chime in with some knowledge of several cultivars of cotton that are worth mentioning. One variety that I've seen become increasingly popular in recent times is DCH-32 cotton.

Developed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), DCH-32 cotton is a hybrid that combines traits from two distinct cultivars of cotton. It's known for its high-quality fiber that is long, strong, and has a good micronaire value. DCH-32 cotton is cultivated mainly in the Northern Indian states, such as Punjab and Haryana, and has a higher yield per acre than traditional Indian cotton varieties.

Another cultivar worth mentioning is Gossipium herbaceum, also known as Desi cotton. This is a popular type of cotton grown in Western and Central India that has historically been used in the textile industry due to its resilience, easy cultivation, and good fiber quality. It's also known for being drought and pest-resistant, a key feature in the largely unpredictable Indian climate.

Overall, these are just a few examples of the many different cultivars of cotton grown in India. From hybrids like DCH-32 cotton to traditional Desi cotton, choosing the right cultivar can make all the difference in a successful cotton-growing operation.

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